Ahmedova Z.B., Orujova S.R., Haciyeva G.G.
INCRETIN THERAPY – A SAMPLE OF TRANSLATION OF CLINICAL RESEARCHES IN PRACTICE OF TREATMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2
Abstract: Liraglutide - the representative of the class of incretinomimetics, which is characterized by a positive effect on combined metabolic factors, which helps to reduce glucose- and lipotoxicity, confirms the importance of using personalized therapy in real clinical practice.
Keywords: liraglutide, incretinomimetics, lipotoxicity, glucosetoxicity
Kerimov A.X., Askerov N.A., Aliyev A.R., Zeynalov R.S., Zeynalov F.A.
THE CLINIC FOR EARLY AND LATE COMPLICATIONS AFTER A STANDART, STANDART RADICAL AND EXTENDED GASTROECTOMY IN PATIENTS WITH STOMACH CANCER
Abstract: The aim is to study the clinic of early and long-term results in patients with gastric cancer after various types of gastrectomy (standard, standard radical and extended) with and without removal of the spleen. The subject of the study is 448 patients with gastric cancer. The main group consists of 270 patients (69.1%) who underwent gastrectomy without removal of the spleen. The control group consists of 178 patients (30.9%) who underwent gastrectomy with removal of the spleen. In the postoperative period, the following complications were observed: pneumonia, pleurisy, bleeding, pancreatitis, adhesive disease, intestinal obstruction, subdiaphragmatic abscess, festering wound. In the control group, these complications were observed in 86 patients (46.3%). In the main group in 48 patients (17.7%) who did not have a subdiaphragmatic abscess and stayed in the hospital for 12-18 days. However, in the control group patients stay in hospital for 24-48 days.
Keywords: stomach cancer, gastrectomy, splenectomy, complications
Musaev Sh.M., Seyidbekov O.S., Orujov N.R.
DETERMINATION OF SEX ACCORDING TO THE ODONTOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS ON THE BASE OF DISCRIMINANT FUNCTIONS
Abstract: Odontometric characteristics (MD, BL, Hcor) of 1,400 teeth from the craniological collection of modern Azerbaijanis have been studied. As the results of the paired t-test did not reveal differences in the parameters of the teeth of the right and left sides, they were considered as a single array. We looked at female and male samples in which the number of each anatomical unit studied was equal to 50. The parameters of these teeth were studied using statistical methods, as well as using the MATLAB software package; and as a result, 6 discriminant functions were developed for sex prediction. The results of independent verification of these diagnostic models showed their sufficient reliability for determining the sex of a person according to odontometric dimensions.
Keywords: human identification, odontometry, sex determination, discriminant functions
Shikhaliyev Y.Sh, Kazimova L.H, Huseynaliyeva V.N, Ismayilov J.J.
A MODERN ASPECT OF DETECTION OF EARLY TUBERCULOSIS AMONG PATIENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS AT THE LEVEL OF THE FIRST MEDICAL AID
Abstract: Nowadays the epidemiological condition of tuberculosis has been more tense. The main reason of the disease includes reduction of the early detection of the tuberculosis and taking regular medications among patients. The detection of tuberculosis the level of the first medical aid is implemented by the method of active or passive medical checkup or examination. This disease is commonly detected among the people belonging to the highest group of risk. The patients belonging to this risk group are mainly the patients with diabetes. The implementation of the simple positive microscopy in order to detect the early level of infection of tuberculosis does not only raises the sufficiency of detection of the infection but also creates the ground for the patients to stand for taking mono-rifampicin regularly. Thus, the patients with diabetes are infected by mycobacteria 92.6%. In the process of destruction of excretion, mycobacterium among these patients ratio index is over 1.6%, which have optimal limits.
Sustainability against mono-rifampicin includes 17.6%. The sufficiency of examination raises up within 8-10 days as the result of nonspecific examination and rises 62.9%. To increase the percent of recovering among the patients with late coming symptoms is better to lead educational medicinal work among the patients, medical stuff and almost doctors.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, early detection, mycobacteria, sanitary educational work
Sabirjanova Z.T., Abduvakhitova A.N., Atakhodjaeva G.A.
CONDITION VEGETATIVE STATUS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC HEART FAILURE ELDERLY AND OLD AGE
Abstract: To examine the condition vegetative status by state of heart rate variability in patients with CHF FC II-III by NYHA we examined 51 patients aged from 60 to 80 with CHF. Depending on the age of all surveyed patients were divided into 2 groups: in the first group of 27 patients (12 women, 15 men) with CHF were included elderly (60-75 years),in the second group consisted of 24 patients (8 women, 16 men) patients with chronic heart failure elderly (75-89 years). In patients with heart failure, elderly manifests significant vegetative disorders vegetative support of HRV. This results in reducing the spectral power of HRV frequency and imbalance of sympathetic-vagal relationship. Reduced total power spectrum of HRV and increased activity SAS can serve as a predictor of unfavorable incentive in the progression of heart failure in these patients, which in turn is a poor prognostic marker of increased cardiovascular mortality.
Keywords: with chronic heart failure, vegetative status, elderly, old, heart rate variability
Sultanova S.S., Farajova N.A., Gasimova F.N., Mammadova R.N.
FREQUENCY OF DETECTION OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY IN WOMEN WITH AND WITHOUT DIABETES TYPE 2
Abstract: This article reflects the results of the study of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in women with and without type 2 Diabetes mellitus in different age groups. The conducted research established that the frequency of detection of excess weight was higher than the streets with diabetes, in particular, in the age group of 30-39 years. Obesity as a whole, 2 times more often was registered in patients with type 2 diabetes than in women who do not have this pathology.
Keywords: overweight, obesity, women, diabetes, risk factors
Malikgasimova N.A., Akberbeyova S.A., Afandiyeva G.M.
CHARACTERISTIC COLPOSCOPIC AND CYTOLOGICAL FEATURES IN WOMEN WITH CERVICAL ECTROPION
Abstract: Colposcopy and cytological examination methods are one of the main examination methods of women with cervical ectropion (CE). The purpose of this study was to learn the feathers of colposcopic and cytological investigations in women of reproductive age with CE. A total of 127 women of reproductive age with CE (the main group) and 22 women without pathological processes (control group) were examined. The age of the examined persons was 16-30 years. CE without signs of epithelialization was noted in 25.98% of patients, CE with an initial stage of epithelization in 38.58%, CE in incomplete epithelization stage in 33.86% and CE in the completed stage in 1.57% of patients. Type I of cytological smears corresponded to the cellular composition in 15.75%, type II in 59.84%, type III in 24.41% of patients. In women of early and middle reproductive age with complicated CE the most characteristic colposcopic markers were the cylindrical epithelium in various combinations with the transformation zone, multiple open and closed gland ducts. For the cellular composition of smears of patients with CE, there was an increased number of neutrophils (6.6 times, p<0.001), epithelial cells (2.0 times, p<0.05). For women of early and middle reproductive age with complicated CE type II smear was characteristic (59.84%) according to the classification of Bethesda-systems.
Keywords: cervical ectropion, colposcopy, cytological examination
Jabbarov M.T., Kilichev I.A.
SPECIFICALS OF STRUCTURE OF HEADACHE AMONG ADULTS POPULATION IN THE REGION OF ARAL SEA
Abstract: The investigation was undertaken on 200 adults in the age from 20 to 60 years in the Aral area region. Comparative analysis showed that headache syndrome appeared in 60.5% of cases and in women headache syndromes was prevalence in comparison with men 2:1. In other age group, the nosologically base of headache was tension headache, cervical headache and headache under cerebrovascular diseases.
Keywords: headache, Aral Sea region, migraine
Alkhazov Y.M., Abdullayeva N.A., Eyvazov T.H.
IMPACT OF MONONUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM RS12979860 ON EARLY VIRAL KINETIC AND ON SUSTAINED VIROLOGICAL RESPONSE RATE IN THE TREATMENT OF VIRAL HEPATITIS C WITH DIFFERENT INTERFERON-BASED COMBINATIONS THERAPY IN REAL CLINICAL PRACTICE
Abstract: Well-known reliable impact of genetic of interleukin-28B (IL-28B) variants on the virus kinetics and therapy effectiveness in treatment of viral hepatitis C using the combination Peginterferon α-2+Ribavirin (PegIFN+RIB): at early stages of treatment more significant decrease, as well as rate of achievement of the post-treatment sustained virological response (SVR) in patients with dimorphism CC is reliable above, than with CT and TT variants. In the present article we consider comparative assessment of influence of this genetic parameter on early virus kinetics and therapy effectiveness using two various interferon-containing regimes – PegIFN+RIB (group A) and Sofosbuvir (SOF)+PegIFN+RIB (group B). We found out that in group B, unlike group A results, reliable influence of IL-28B genetic variants on viral kinetics and levels of achievement of SVR is not revealed. Thus, it seems that when using a Sofosbuvir (a direct antiviral action drug) in combination with PegIFN+RIB routine IL-28B polymorphism variants determination for prediction of the hepatitis C therapy effectiveness lost its relevance.
Keywords: mononucleotide polymorphism (MNP), interleukin-28B (IL-28B), chronical viral hepatitis C, viral load (VL), viral kinetics (VK), sustained virological response (SVR)
Guliyev F.A., Ismailova S.S., Guliyeva I.М., Aliyev R.R., Guliyeva N.M.
SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS IN MALES (DESCRIPTION OF THE CLINICAL CASE)
Abstract: The proposed article discusses a rare case of diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus in men. For differential diagnosis of this pathology are proposed several diseases. 18 year old patient was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus. The article discusses the diagnostic features of this disease and examines the diagnostic criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus.
Keywords: systemic lupus erythematosus, syndrome of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC-syndrome), multi-organ insufficiency, autoantibodies, lupus-nephritis, programmed hemodialysis
Figarov I.H., Cavad-zadeh S.M., Nasirov S.Y., Figarov V.I.
TREATMENT OF RARE FORMS OF HYDRONEPHROSIS
Abstract: In this article we present the experience of diagnosis and surgical treatment of patients with hydronephrosis due to anomalies of the upper urinary tract, including the retrocaval ureter. We describe the surgical technique and postoperative characteristics. We recommending to include computer tomography urography in a patient's examination plan, to determine the anatomic and functional condition of the kidneys and blood vessels. These operations must be performed by experienced urologists owning technology as a reconstructive and vascular surgery.
Keywords: anomalies, hydronephrosis, retrocaval ureter, diagnostics, surgery
Babayeva G.H., Babayev Z.M., Huseynova F.R.
ROME CRITERIA FORTH REVISION: DISORDERS OF THE INTESTINE
Abstract: The proposed review examines the analysis of the Rome criteria IV revision concerning major changes in functional bowel disorders. Aim of review. To analyze the changes made to the Rome criteria IV revision of intestinal disorders in comparison with the previous criteria. Key points. The main key changes in functional bowel disorders are considered, the criteria for diagnosing altered and first-accepted functional bowel disorders, for example, irritable bowel syndrome, functional bloating/stretching, functional constipation, functional diarrhea, nonspecific functional intestinal disorder, opioid-induced constipation are given. Conclusion. The Rome criteria for the IV revision of intestinal disorders have certain advantages over previous criteria, but at the same time they retain significant shortcomings.
Keywords: Rome criteria of IV revision, functional intestinal disorders, diagnosis, treatment
Abstract: In modern medicine, in addition to drug treatment, physical factors and technologies of rehabilitation medicine are valid and binding. In the treatment of internal diseases physiotherapy, rehabilitation complexes have an important place. In this paper presented modern physiotherapy methods of treatment of internal diseases and the importance of rehabilitation complexes.
Keywords: physical factors, medical rehabilitation, rehabilitation medicine technologies and its usage